Class Blog Cameo

This week in sports medicine we learned about  the muscular system ACL tears. We learned about how the muscular system helps other body systems to maintain homeostasis and why ACL tears are much more common in females than in males. Today in class, we started to dissect a cat. The dissection was really interesting!



DT-Project: Concussions in Youth Sports

Empathize: Tiffany and I researched youth concussions, and found that an outstanding number of athletes sustain concussions in contact sports. While there are protective measures that are taken, there is still a large percentage of athletes who are affected by concussions. Concussions can leave permanent damage to one’s brain, especially a young brain that is still growing and developing. While many states have laws set in place to make sure an athlete does not return to a sports before fully healing, this does not always take place.

Define:  Concussions are identified when one is confused, dazed, answers questions slowly, loses consciousness, or experiences a personality change. Athletes have reported feelings of nausea, a headache, and balance issues after being hit. To recover from a concussion, one must rest and let the brain heal naturally. Concussions can be prevented by avoiding contact activities that might jolt the head and wearing protective gear.

Ideate: After discussing the topic, Tiffany and I believed that being able to educate athletes on the basics of concussions and safety techniques was one of the most important aspects when it comes to preventing concussions. We wanted to create a medium that would allow us to teach athletes about what a concussions is, how it is caused, what the symptoms are, protocol that proceeds being diagnosed, how they are treated and most importantly how to prevent them. We also wanted to create a quiz that would outline the basic information being taught to the athletes to test if they learned anything new about concussions.

Prototype: We created a YouTube video that reviews all the basics of concussions and how they can affect athletes. We also constructed a quiz that tested everything mentioned in the video.



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Test: We had a 10 athletes from Notre Dame take the quiz. We then showed them the YouTube video. After watching the informative video, we had the athletes take the same quiz a second time. Initially, the test results were low. The athletes did not know a lot about the very basics of what a concussion really is and what the proper safety techniques are. After watching the video, the quiz scores went up by almost 100%. With just a short video giving the athletes the basic information and signs to look out for concerning concussions, we were able to greatly enhance their knowledge of concussions.





It was really interesting learning about concussions in youth sports. Concussions can greatly affect youth athletes, and while there are safety improvements, there is still a lot of work to do. Youth athletes are not fully developed and need to take preventive measures to protect their bodies from potentially permanent damage.

Digestive System and Immunity

The immune system helps to protect the digestive system. We ingest toxins and bacteria daily, and our immune systems fight off things that potentially could be harmful. Sometimes when we eat certain foods, our immune system will not develop a tolerance for that specific food. This could be a result of pesticides, genetics or other factors. When we do not develop tolerances, this could lead to our digestive track becoming inflamed. This information is important to athletes because it is important for them to keep healthy balance of good bacteria in their digestive system and listen to their immune system for any issues.


Athletes must stay aware of any issues with their immune and digestive systems, as these problem could seriously hinder their athletics. Consuming good bacteria, such as probiotics, can decrease one’s susceptibility for depression, stress and anxiety.  Eating a balanced diet with vitamins and nutrient and getting enough sleep every night can help to keep an athlete healthy.


My View on Nutrition

I was not raised with the best nutrition. My mom allowed us to eat basically whatever we wanted. Even though in school we were taught about eating a healthy diet, I didn’t really care that much.

Via Wikiedia


As I got older and began sports, I took my health more seriously as it affected my performance. When I was about 14, I started to eat a lot healthier. This has carried on to my life now.

Heart Disease Project

In this unit, we learned about women’s heart disease. In class, we learned that one in every three women are affected by heart disease. For our project, we were challenged to think of solutions for heart disease. Knowing the grim statistics for heart disease in women motivated my group to come up with a creative solution.

My group members and I brainstormed many different ideas and finally settled on one of them. We decided to base our project on cholesterol.

We researched how cholesterol is involved in heart disease. Too much cholesterol in the blood can clog one’s arteries. When there is a build up of cholesterol in the wall of one’s arteries, this begins the process of atherosclerosis. There are two types of cholesterol in the blood, LDL and HDL. LDL is the bad artery clogging cholesterol which one wants to minimize. HDL is a high-density lipoprotein which is good for you. Another fat in our bloodstream is triglycerides. Triglycerides have shown to also possibly be linked to heart disease.

To help prevent and lower the chances of one developing heart disease, my group produced a juice consisting of blueberries, bananas, apples, orange juice, canola oil and a fiber boost. Both blueberries and orange juice are high in antioxidants which help to lower LDL levels while increasing HDL. Apples and bananas are high in fiber which help to lower cholesterol. Lastly, canola oil contains Q10 which decreases LDL. All together, these ingredients would help one to lower and maintain their cholesterol levels, in turn decreasing their chances for heart disease.

Now that we had a product, we wanted to test if women would actually want to use it in their everyday life. We gave out 30 samples. 24 of the 30 participants liked the juice and could see themselves drinking it everyday. Six participants said they would not consume the product everyday.


My group and I really enjoyed this project as it allowed us to help find a solution to a problem we all feel so passionately about. As women, heart disease can affect any one of us, so it is important to try and help any way we can!

Class Cameo 11/16

This week in my sports medicine class we have been learning about heart disease, specifically in women’s heart disease. We earned about the causes, risk factors, and the various ways to improve heart disease. Later in the week we created a Heart Disease PSA and project in our individual groups. I really enjoyed learning about this topic because it affects me as a female and is important to know about as it pertains to my own health.

Here is a current event about women’s heart disease.


This article covers the dispute over the potential health risks of turf fields. The rubber used in turf fields and playgrounds contain chemicals such as acetone, arsenic, lead and mercury. Though the recycled turf was known to contain chemicals, it was unknown whether or not they were harmful to the people who came in contact with the turf. As a result of pressure from concerned parents, coaches, athletes and children, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission conducted tests on the turf to determine its safety. The CPSC found that newer fields had little to no traces of lead in them, while older fields did contain higher but not harmful levels of lead. The tests concluded that the turf fields were safe but the CPSC advised that people wash their hands after coming in contact with the turf.

Are they Safe-


Polio is a serious disease that can cause paralysis. While the number of people infected with polio has significantly decreased since the vaccine has developed, polio is still affects many people to this day.

Orthopaedic Nursing

I am interested in orthopaedic nursing, which helps people with any disorders or diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Orthoaedic nurses can also assist during surgery and later during rehabilitation. Being able to participate during a surgery and having a lot of direct patient contact is what interests me about this particular occupation. To become an orthopaedic nurse, one must complete their ASN or BSN, pass the National Council Licensure Examination, practice as an RN for two years with a minimum of one thousand hours, and then pass the Orthopaedic Nurse Certification exam to officially become an orthopaedic nurse.

Photo by Zdenko Zivkovic
Photo by Zdenko Zivkovic